Vancouver style - examples in medicine

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Data elements order

Issuing Agency. Subgroup(s) of Issuing Agency. Title proper: Subtitle. Personal Author(s) and Corporate Author(s). (Agency Report Number; Medium). Edition. Place of publication: Publisher, Date. (Series). Notes.

  • Issuing Agency. Start with the political jurisdiction (Federal, Provincial or Municipal)
  • Subgroup(s)of Issuing Agency. Add all Department names, Branches, Divisions, etc. of the Issuing Agency in descending order.
  • Title Proper. Use the most prominent title on the main title page. If there is a subtitle, separate the subtitle from the main title with a colon.
  • Personal Author(s). Add any personal authors, in normal order, after the title. Include their role (e.g., 'edited by' or 'compiled by').
  • Corporate Author(s). Add the corporate author after the title/personal author statement. If there is more than one corporate author, cite the most prominent one following the title/personal author statement and cite the others in a note at the end of the citation.
  • Agency Report Number. Place agency report numbers in parentheses immediately following the author statement. Cite them exactly as they appear on the document (s).
  • Medium. Name the medium for any non-print document. It should be placed in parentheses after the title, author and report number. It can also be placed in a note at the end of the citation. Examples of medium statements include, microfiche, CD-ROM, map, videotape, computer disk, on-line database, etc..
  • Edition. Use this statement if the document is a new or revised edition. Use this statement to also indicate whether the document is a draft or final report.
  • Place of Publication: Publisher, Date. The publisher is usually the issuing agency. If a printer or distributor is found on the front or back of the title page (also check the back page), cite it as the publisher. The date can usually be found in the same place(s) as the publisher. If you cannot find a date, use 'n.d.' (no date). If you know the date from another source, cite it with square brackets around it. You can also use square brackets around place and publisher if they are known but not on the document.
  • Series. The full series title and number should be placed in parentheses following the publication statement.
  • Notes. Note statements are used to provide information that does not fit in the basic parts of a citation listed above. Notes should be placed in parentheses at the end of the citation. They are generally used to further describe the document (e.g., pamphlet, unpublished papers, numbers assigned by the issuing agency, language other than English, etc.).


  • Special Libraries Association. Competencies for information professionals of the 21st century. SLA © 2003. Available from: http://

Government documents

  • Bill C-12:
  • Bill C-3: an act respecting DNA identification and to make consequential amendments to the Criminal Code and other Acts. 1st Reading, September 25, 1997, 36th Parliament, 1st Session, 1997. Ottawa: Public Works and Government Services Canada, 1997.
  • "Privacy Act." In Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985.Vol. 7, Chapter P-21. Ottawa: Queen's Printer, 1985.
  • "An Act to Amend the Copyright Act" In Statutes of Canada 1997, Chapter 24. Ottawa: Public Works and Government Services Canada, 1997.
  • Bill C-49: an act providing for the ratification and the bringing into effect of the Framework Agreement on First Nation Land Management. 1st Reading, June 11, 1998, 36th Parliament, 1st Session, 1997-1998. Ottawa: Public Works and Government Services Canada, 1998. Available: . [July 30, 2004].

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