National Library of Medicine (U.S.)
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The United States National Library of Medicine (NLM) is the largest medical library in the world and provides access to a wide range of health information in support of the National Institutes of Health and its other stakeholders. The NLM maintains several medical databases such as PubMed - MEDLINE and OMIM (a genetic traits database), the fulltext repository PubMed Central and products such as the NLM Classification System and the MeSH thesaurus. NLM's history can be traced back to John Lovell, John Shaw Billings and the Library of the Office of the Surgeon General of the United States Army in the 19th century.
History of the NLM
The NLM is led by Dr. Donald A. Lindberg, a world-renown pathologist, professor and scholar. He has served on the boards of many scientific organizations, including the American Medical Informatics Association, the Computer Science and Engineering Board of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Board of Medical Examiners, and the Council of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences. The director oversees NLM units such as the Office of Administration, Office of Communications and Public Liaison, Office of Health Information Programs Development and various library divisions.
NLM's Library Divisions
The official organizational chart of the NLM is available here.
National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NNLM)
The mission of the National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) is to advance the progress of medicine and improve the public health by providing all health professionals in the United States with equal access to biomedical information and improving the public's access to information to enable them to make informed decisions about their own health care. The NNLM Program is coordinated by the National Library of Medicine and carried out through a nationwide network of health libraries and information centres. The NNLM was formerly the Regional Medical Library Program which has served the biomedical information needs of the US for forty+ years. Established by the Medical Library Assistance Act of 1965, member libraries in the NNLM provide health professionals and the general public with health information resources and services. Members are supported via eight regional offices under contract to the NLM. The National Network Office, located at the National Library of Medicine, oversees these contracts.
NLM Associate Program
The National Library of Medicine Associate Fellowship Program is a one-year postgraduate program at the NLM in Bethesda, Maryland, with an optional second year. The program is designed to provide a foundation in health sciences information services, and to prepare future leaders in health libraries and health research. Associate Fellows are introduced to a wide range of technologies and skills used in managing information at a national library.
The fellowship program provides opportunities to:
The NLM Associate program is a well-respected internship. Through internships, young professionals are able to integrate theory, skills, and knowledge and apply the ideals of the MLIS to practice; the intention is to reduce the gulf between LIS education and professional practice.
Canada's de-facto national library of medicine is the Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information (CISTI).