Social media

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Blogs are the quintessential web 2.0 tool Source: Wikicommons
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Introduction

See also Current awareness | Social media portal | Top Ten (10) Social Media Competencies for Information Professionals

"...Social media or web 2.0 is the use of digital media, including internet and mobile, for collaborating with others in new information channels and self-organizing communities. Typical elements of a social media service include the ability to: 1) create a personal profile 2) “friend” or follow other members to subscribe to their activity streams 3) create content in the form of text, photos, audio, or video and 4) share, tag, rate, comment on or vote on content created by other members. Blogs, forums, wikis, social networking sites, microblogging sites, social bookmarking sites, social voting sites, social review sites and virtual worlds are all example of web 2.0 sites. So are social sites built around photos, audio, videos, presentations, music, and games... "

Social media is often designed to help groups collaborate, exchange ideas and achieve commonly-shared goals. Metcalfe's law - the more people you have within your network, the more valuable it becomes - applies to social media. The phenomenon is also referred to as crowdsourcing, and even "wisdom of the crowds". Beyond Facebook, LinkedIn and Twitter, some core social media tools are Wikipedia (general reference tool), LinkedIn and YouTube (video sharing). Other examples are Second Life (virtual reality), Digg (news sharing), Flickr & Pinterest (photo-sharing) and Miniclip (game sharing).

Two new social media tools that have been getting buzz within the last year or so are Ello.co and Uber.

Key terms 'at a glance'

See also Facebook | LinkedIn | Social media glossary | Twitter
regularly-updated websites of entries arranged in chronological order; they are the quintessential web 2.0 tool.
refers to computing where software is accessed and stored 'out there in cyberspace' instead of locally on desktop computers...
  • Collaborative writing tools
similar to wikis but may be password protected, and only available by permission. An example is Google Docs see Collaboration 2.0
  • Crowdsourcing or le crowdsourcing
refers to a form of outsourcing knowledge creation; Wikipedia is the best example of what can be accomplished by it
  • File-sharing services
DropBox is perhaps best example; sites where documents and files can be loaded and shared
use of tools such as GoogleTalk to send text messages to someone.; see Instant messaging & engagement software
  • LibGuides
LibGuides from Springshare
Location-based social networking sites (SNSs) (aka. locative media) refers to trend that allows you to reveal where you are (i.e. exact location within your city) and places you visit by using your mobile or smartphone. This trend is related to other geo-location trends such as geo-tagging. The most popular tools are Foursquare, Gowalla and Booyah "MyTown".
  • broadcast medium in the form of "mini blogposts". Microblogs allow you to send short messages to people in your network. The most popular example is Twitter.
ability to sift through information on the web that informs, educates or entertains; the ability to bring critical thinking skills to bear on all media from music videos and websites to film and virtual displays. Some librarians view it as part of information literacy; others as transliteracy.
  • "Network effect" or L'effet réseau
Also called Metcalfe's law...the Internet has billions of users and continues to grow; user base enables people to use the power of many to create the "Network Effect" -- in other words, any network is more valuable to users as more people join it.
available to anyone who wants to use, redistribute or remix; usually created by volunteers for the public good. Drupal and Ubuntu are two examples.
  • Peer to peer (P2P)
method of distributing files over a network where all computers are treated equally (in contrast to client/server architectures). Using P2P software, a client can send and receive files from others through central location on the web (e.g., old Napster, Slideshare)
  • Photo-sharing or Partage de photos
Sites where photos can be uploaded and shared. Flickr is perhaps the best example (also video now), but there are many others (see "Pinterest")
A pinboard-style social photo sharing website that allows users to create and manage theme-based image collections such as events, interests, hobbies, and more. Users can browse other pinboards for inspiration, 're-pin' images to their own collections or 'like' photos. Pinterest's mission is to "connect everyone in the world through the 'things' they find interesting"...
RSS stands for really simple syndication, usually a way to stay informed when a website or database is updated.
...or reddit, is a social news website where registered users submit content in the form of either a link or a text "self" post. Other users then vote the submission "up" or "down", which is used to rank a post and determine its position on the site's pages and front page..."
  • Sharing powerpoints
Slideshare is perhaps the best example; where powerpoints and pdf documents can be uploaded and shared. Audio also in some cases...
web-based applications that tag and track books for users in their own e-inventory or filing system. SCSs make it possible to discuss and review (rate) books while being social online.
a way to create a space online where you can meet your friends and family, and share things such as photographs, music, video clips and more; link to your "old" friends and meet new ones who might share your interests.
popular way to locate, catalogue and classify websites by assigning words, names and tags to group and describe those sites.
...microblogging platform and social networking site that allows users to post multimedia and other content to a short-form blog. Users follow other users' blogs, as well as make their blogs private..."
  • Videosharing
...popular way to share, rate and comment on videos using sites such as YouTube, Vimeo and Google Video
  • Virtual worlds
real-time, multi-player environment where users assume roles represented by avatars and interact. An obvious example is Second Life but there are others.
websites that permit anyone to edit or contribute content i.e. Wikipedia. Wiki stands for "what I know is".
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