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Semantic publishing or semantic web publishing refers to web documents that have been formatted, described and published with semantic (meaningful) markup language. Many of the most recent developments in information technology can be used to enhance the access to scholarly journal articles by adding metadata and providing 'lively' interactive access to content. Semantic enhancements are already being used by leading STM publishers, and automated text processing will help make these enhancements more affordable. Publishers, editors and authors have primary roles in semantic publishing and in making added-value 'ecosystem services' possible. In addition, semantic publishing will bring substantial benefits to scholarly communication.
Benefits to scholars and academic libraries
Academic libraries can offer enriched, dynamic scientific content by encouraging researchers to use interactive portable digital formats such as those used by Utopia Documents. The software at UD is free to use and registration is only required if and when users want the comments function to be activated (to maintain the integrity of scientific discourse, anonymous comments are not allowed by Utopia). Some journals, such as the Biochemical Journal published by Portland Press, and journals published by the Royal Society of Chemistry, provide tags in their PDFs that enable Utopia Documents to extend its functionality. Thus you can render pictures of protein structures into dynamic, rotatable, 'manipulatable' 3D formats.
Ciccarese (2012) created a framework for sharing and viewing web annotations using an open representation model. The Domeo Annotation Tool was developed in tandem with the Annotation Ontology. Tools allow for personal note-taking, group document annotation, semantic tagging, reagent tagging and curation of textmining. Domeo was deployed as part of the NIH Neuroscience Information Framework <http://www.neuinfo.org>.