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- 8 July 2016
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Interprofessional education for collaborative practice (IECP) is an approach to interprofessional education that brings together health sectors and professionals, in a highly collaborative way, to improve the delivery of patient care and patient outcomes. Interprofessional education has long been recognized as an important part of the medical school curriculum back to Flexner. IPE programs have existed at various medical schools since the 1960s, but interprofessional education programs are increasingly viewed as a means of reducing medical errors and improving the health care system. In 2010, WHO’s Framework for Action on Interprofessional Education and Collaborative Practice was published which highlights the status of interprofessional collaboration worldwide and identifies mechanisms that shape successful collaborative teamwork. It outlines action items for policymakers for use in their local health systems; further, it outlines strategies that aid health policymakers in implementation of interprofessional education and collaborative practices.
Associated terms include "multi-professional education", "common learning", "shared learning", and "interdisciplinary learning". In contrast to multiprofessional education, interprofessional education involves interactive learning focused on active collaboration; it is used mostly in health and social care where collaborative and patient-centred practices are expected to improve health care and quality of life of health and social service users.
Interprofessional Education (IPE) is defined as "...two or more professions learning with, from and about each other to improve collaboration and the quality of care." (CAIPE, 1997). Gilbert (2005), a leader in IPE, says that IPE is not a synonym for teamwork or for collaborative practices. Rather, IPE is about a purposeful and engaged collegiality, and creating collaborative learning environments with the goal of improving the quality of care and/or health services. Interprofessionality and IPE are used throughout the academic literature and in fields related to medicine and education to describe activities that are explicitly designed to increase learning that is situated with other professionals. Its goals are to teach the skills of interprofessional practice and interprofessional care.
Presentations & videos
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- Blue AV, Zoller J, Stratton TD, Elam CL, Gilbert J. Interprofessional education in US medical schools. J Interprof Care. 2010 Mar;24(2):204-6. doi: 10.3109/13561820903442887. PubMed PMID: 20148622.
- Brandt BF, Gilbert J. Collaborating across borders: an American-Canadian dialogue on interprofessional health education. J Allied Health. 2007 Spring;36(1):e87-9. PubMed PMID: 19759985.
- Centre for the Advancement of Interprofessional Education (CAIPE), 1997. Interprofessional education - a definition. London: CAIPE Bulletin 13, p.19.
- Cox M, Cuff P, Brandt B, Reeves S, Zierler B. Measuring the impact of interprofessional education on collaborative practice and patient outcomes. J Interprofessional Care. 2016 Jan 2;30(1):1-3.
- Disch J. Interprofessional Education and Collaborative Practice. Nursing Outlook. 2013 Jan 1;61(1):3-4.
- Gilbert JH, Yan J, Hoffman SJ. A WHO report: framework for action on interprofessional education and collaborative practice. J Allied Health. 2010 Fall;39 Suppl 1:196-7. PubMed PMID: 21174039.
- Gilbert JH. The status of interprofessional education in Canada. J Allied Health. 2010 Fall;39 Suppl 1:216-23. PubMed PMID: 21174043.
- Gilbert JH. Interprofessional learning and higher education structural barriers. J Interprof Care. 2005 May;19 Suppl 1:87-106. PubMed PMID: 16096148.
- Gilbert JH. Abraham Flexner and the roots of interprofessional education. J Contin Educ Health Prof. 2008 Fall;28 Suppl 1:S11-4. doi: 10.1002/chp.201. PubMed PMID: 19058248.
- Gilbert JH. Interprofessional - education, learning, practice and care. J Interprof Care. 2013 Jul;27(4):283-5. doi: 10.3109/13561820.2012.755807. Epub 2013 Feb 7. PubMed PMID: 23391027.
- Hoffman SJ, Rosenfield D, Gilbert JH, Oandasan IF. Student leadership in interprofessional education: benefits, challenges and implications for educators, researchers and policymakers. Med Educ. 2008 Jul;42(7):654-61. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2923.2008.03042.x. PubMed PMID: 18588646.
- Reeves S, Perrier L, Goldman J, Freeth D, Zwarenstein M. Interprofessional education: effects on professional practice and healthcare outcomes (update). Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Mar 28;3(3).
- Reeves S, Goldman J, Gilbert J, Tepper J, Silver I, Suter E, Zwarenstein M. A scoping review to improve conceptual clarity of interprofessional interventions. J Interprof Care. 2011 May;25(3):167-74. doi: 10.3109/13561820.2010.529960. Epub 2010 Dec 23. Review. PubMed PMID: 21182439.
- Rodger S, Webb G, Devitt L, Gilbert J, Wrightson P, McMeeken J. A clinical education and practice placements in the allied health professions: an international perspective. J Allied Health. 2008 Spring;37(1):53-62. PubMed PMID: 18444440.
- Schmitt MH, Gilbert JH, Brandt BF, Weinstein RS. The coming of age for interprofessional education and practice. Am J Med. 2013 Apr;126(4):284-8. doi: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2012.10.015. Epub 2013 Feb 13. PubMed PMID: 23415053.
- Yan J, Gilbert JH, Hoffman SJ. World Health Organization Study Group on Interprofessional Education and Collaborative Practice. J Interprof Care. 2007 Dec;21(6):588-9. PubMed PMID: 18038291.
- World Health Organization, 2007. World Health Organization Study Group on Interprofessional Education and Collaborative Practice.
- World Health Organization, 2010. Framework for action on interprofessional education and collaborative practice. Geneva: WHO Press.