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- 23 November 2014
See also Evidence-based health care | Evidence-Based Public Health Literature (EBPH) Review | Grey literature | Open data | Systematic review searching | Top 20 Health Policy Think Tanks
- "...key components of evidence-based public health include making decisions on the basis of the best available, peer-reviewed evidence, using data and information systems systematically, applying program-planning frameworks, engaging the community in decision making, conducting sound evaluation, and disseminating what is learned...." — Brownson, 2005
- "...Despite 40 years of research into evidence-based policy (EBP) and a continued drive from both policymakers and researchers to increase research uptake in policy, barriers to the use of evidence are persistently identified in the literature. However, it is not clear what explains this persistence – whether they represent real factors, or if they are artefacts of approaches used to study EBP. ..." — Oliver, 2014
Public health professionals are often asked to synthesize the best health evidence in order to formulate health care policies. Evidence-based - or evidence-informed - public health is an extension of evidence-based medicine. All kinds of decisions in health care are made with little or no evidence to guide decision-makers but first the education, health and social policy literature must be thoroughly searched for the availability of previous research studies. This pathfinder or start here is meant to provide a starting point to the hundreds of websites internationally that can be used to begin a search for the grey literature in evidence-informed public health (EIPH).
- " ...evidence-informed public health (EIPH) is the process of distilling and disseminating the best available evidence (whether from research, practice or experience) and using that evidence to inform and improve public health policy and practice. Put simply, it is finding, using and sharing what works in public health. Other commonly used terms for EIPH include evidence informed decision-making, evidence-based practice or evidence-based health care applied to public health practice and policy... — NCCPH, 2010
In the 21st century, public health decision-makers must evaluate policies and programs based on scientific evidence. The first step in planning policy evaluations is to determine what is known about a topic from existing evidence. Gathering evidence involves systematic literature searching. The literature provides an overview for decision-makers and informs them how policy issues might be addressed. The cumulation of evidence begins with framing research questions in the area, devising a search strategy, gathering information and data, and synthesizing the literature. Creating new intelligence and policy takes time in order to understand and define the issues affecting the programs and populations in question. How new knowledge (or, evidence) is collected and applied has a direct impact on policy-making and health outcomes.
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Who needs public health information?
- a range of policy-makers, consumers, government officials, community organizations, policy organizations, policy analysts
- voluntary sectors, lobby groups, universities and academics, individuals members of the public, private organizations, to name a few
- What is policy evaluation? - http://www.nationalschool.gov.uk/policyhub/downloads/Chapter_1.pdf
- Planning a policy evaluation - http://www.nationalschool.gov.uk/policyhub/downloads/Chapter_2.pdf
Who produces public health information?
- a range of associations, levels of government, policy-makers, community organizations, policy analysts and think-tanks
- researchers, lobby groups, universities and academics, individuals members of the public, private organizations, to name a few
Major educational, health & policy producers
Access a wide range of information sources, including abstracts and indexes, full-text journals, electronic books, images, statistics and scientific data by using the relevant links below:
- 4 stars denotes librarian-selected, high quality information. Starred sites are great places to begin your research.
- An online or print publication intended to present Canadian information for Canadians
See also Health services research & public policy
U.S. Public Health 2.0
A to M producers of evidence-informed public health (EIPH)
N to Z producers of EIPH
Indexes & databases
See 189 relevant public health databases
Other web resources in EIPH
Key / high impact journals
Finding systematic reviews in EBPH
- Who are the major producers of GL in Canada?
- What domains are most likely to produce GL, and why?
- What organization or group is most likely to watch the development of GL?
- Bavington B. Core competencies for public health in Canada: an assessment and comparison of determinants of health content. St. Francis Xavier University. National Collaborating Centre for Determinants of Health (NCCDH), 2012.
- Cartwright N, Hardie J. Evidence-based policy: a practical guide to doing it better. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.
- Chou WY, Prestin A, Lyons C, Wen KY. Web 2.0 for health promotion: reviewing the current evidence. Am J Public Health. 2012 Nov 15.
- Evidence-Based Public Health Literature (EBPH) Review
- Jenicek M. Epidemiology, evidenced-based medicine and evidence-based public health. J Epidemiol. 1997 Dec;7(4):187-97.
- Moat KA, Lavis JN. 10 best resources for evidence-informed health policymaking. Health Policy Plan. 2013;28(2):215-218.
- Oliver K, Lorenc T, Innvær S. New directions in evidence-based policy research: a critical analysis of the literature. Health Res Policy Syst. 2014 Jul 14;12:34.
- Tyndall J. Health librarians and grey literature: what do we need to know? Presented Royal Melbourne Hospital, July 15 2014 and Royal Adelaide Hospital, September 25 2014.
- UK Health Forum. Grey literature in public health: valuable evidence? 8 April 2013.