Archives 2.0

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Archives 2.0 is an expanding panorama of information practices
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Last Update

  • Updated.jpg 26 February 2015

Introduction

See also Academic libraries 2.0 | Archival principles for medical librarians | Museums and archives in Second Life | Subject librarian 2.0 | Web 2.0

Archives 2.0 and archivist 2.0 are two terms that build on the principles of web 2.0 and frame some of the newer archival practices that have been adopted in the age of social media. Although the 2.0 suffix has been applied to archives for a number of years (see literature below), it has never been used with the same zeal or fanfare seen in all types of libraries. In fact, the use of the 2.0 suffix is clearly on the wane. That said, the neologism archives 2.0 (very much like its library 2.0 counterpart) encourages more web interactions with patrons using social media and innovative communication practices on social tools such as Facebook and Twitter. Archives 2.0 requires the traditional focus on the archival record and a reorientation towards more user-centered archival practices. A2.0 includes the preservation of records created by bloggers, and the use of 2.0 tools. As social media are incorporated into government, business, and personal recordkeeping, watch for archivists to capture and preserve these materials.

Two-way interaction in archives

The US Library of Congress announced in 2010 they would archive tweets on Twitter for future historical research.

Selected literature

A presentation at the Manitoba Libraries Conference in May 2012.

With the launch of digitization projects, libraries will be distinguished by special and archival collections, and by services to provide access to these collections. This poster describes tools used to enhance access to the Northwest Digital Archives.

Archivists deal with the challenges of expanding records and public expectations that all documents will be online, indexed and accessible. With so many records and so few resources, significant challenges lie ahead. More money is not necessarily the answer; donations alone will not solve the issues. Archivists should shift their approach and develop alternative methods for archival work. This paper encourages archival institutions to reinvent their work.

The purpose of this thesis is to provide analysis of the web 2.0 phenomenon in archives across the planet.

This paper discusses a project at the University of Michigan that evaluated the use of web 2.0 tools in finding aids. It provides insight into how social features can be used to enhance finding aids and make archival materials more accessible.

Archivists have begun to rethink how they present finding aids to patrons. To gain a better understanding of what information patrons expect to find, they are investigating how to utilize Web 2.0 technologies to meet patron needs. This article examines how the L. Tom Perry Special Collections are rethinking finding aids and using web 2.0 tools on their finding aids site. It highlights the process for designing the new site and the usefulness of user studies.

Archives are using web 2.0 applications in a context that allows for new types of interaction, new opportunities for institutional promotion, new ways to provide services and making their heritage known to the community. Applications such as Facebook (social networking), Flickr (image-sharing) and YouTube (video-sharing) are used by cultural organizations that interact in the informal context of web 2.0. This article aims to describe how web 2.0 works as a virtual extension of archives and other cultural groups by identifying benefits from their use.

This paper looks at the potential of blogs, a popular form of electronic record in which personal commentary is entered in an on-line journal. A historical survey of diaries suggests how no two records are alike and where they diverge, taking into account evidential values, contradictory public and private qualities and diverse physical natures. O'Sullivan discusses new roles that archives can play in preserving blogs, while considering the implications that their loss would have for our cultural memory.

Palmer discusses opportunities and tensions emerging around Archives 2.0, crowd-sourcing, and archival authority.

This paper reports on the results of a research project designed to investigate how social media is being used by archives to develop connections with family historians. This research used qualitative methodology, Skype and Instant Messaging to conduct semi-structured interviews with participants from six archives. The research uses Rogers’ Diffusion of Innovation theory as a framework. The research found interviewees were using social media in various combinations to serve different purposes. In most cases these tools were being used to achieve maximum access to the wider online community. The study highlights issues and concerns discussed by participants when using social media. There were examples of social media use to make connections with family historians during the study. The paper provides three detailed instances of its use to illustrate how archives can make these connections.

Archival professionals have undertaken projects to convert physical collections to digital formats. Meanwhile the web has moved toward shared spaces that embrace more participation and sharing. This paper investigates the extent to which web 2.0 features have been integrated into archival digitization projects.

A shorter version of the 2008 thesis above.

In recent years, archival attention has turned towards the ways in which new digital media can be used to enable greater access to archives. The information in an archives means very little if it is not accessible and used and the use of social media can address the longstanding archival problem: that archives have been difficult to use and thus perceived as inaccessible. By overcoming some of the limitations of traditional outreach, the 2.0 world holds new hope for expanding the number of users and uses of archives and thus increases the value of archives to society. This thesis will address the question of what social media means to archival outreach in three chapters. The first chapter will review the function of outreach in a Canadian context with a review of outreach activities at LAC and the Archives of Manitoba. The second chapter will examine the nature of web 2.0 tools as they apply to archival outreach. The final chapter will present the idea of using social media for outreach, using the Archives of Manitoba as an example institution. The thesis concludes with a discussion of the importance of outreach to the future of archives and a consideration of how social media as outreach tools can help archives remain relevant, accessible and visible to society. It is critical for archives to respond to and embrace this technology shift, which enables greater interaction between archives and their users, or find themselves increasingly marginalized and their role as information providing institutions threatened.

As an increasing number of archival repositories, libraries, and cultural institutions build significant freely accessible digital collections, archivists and digital librarians must continue to develop digital outreach strategies that reflect the nature of searching and discovery in today's information economy. This case study examines the use of Wikipedia by the Ball State University Libraries as an opportunity to raise the visibility of digitized historic sheet music assets made available in the university's Digital Media Repository. By adding links to specific items in this collection to relevant, existing Wikipedia articles, Ball State successfully and efficiently expanded the user base of this collection in the Digital Media Repository by vastly enhancing the discoverability of the collection's assets.

"Archives 2.0" seems to refer to the use of applications such as blogs, Twitter, Facebook and Flickr by archives. This article proposes a broader definition of Archives 2.0 that includes a shift in archival thinking and practice that is related to, but not dependent on, the use of web 2.0. The article develops this interpretation and explains why the concept provides a useful starting point for conversations about future directions for the archival profession.

Digital archives are established to ensure the accessibility of digital files. This paper explores how web 2.0 practices (e.g. open architectures, personalization, community-control) might be integrated into an OAIS-style digital archive to: 1) improve quality and breadth of access 2) meet the expectations of online users 3) nurture Designated Communities of digital archives into vibrant and dynamic online communities.

  • Yakel E, Kim J. Midwest State archives on the web: a content and impact analysis. Archival Issues. 2004;28.1: 48-6.

This article discusses the use web 2.0 tools in archives and how archivists use web 2.0 to improve services. Archivists need to reconceptualize their roles and see that reconceptualization may involve ceding control of description to users.

Archives using web 2.0

References

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